Slovakia facts - Private Tour guide in SLOVAKIA
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Slovakia facts

Facts about Slovakia



Location: Central Europe, below Poland

Name of the country: Slovak Republic (Slovakia)

Form of government: Parliamentary democracy

Independence declared: 1st January 1993 (from Czechoslovakia)

Population: 5.4 milion

Land area: 49,035 km2

Capital: Bratislava

Administration: 8 self governing regions called Higher Territorial Units

Currency: 1 € (euro) = 100 cents (from 2009)

Neighbouring countries: Czech republic, Poland, Ukraine, Hungray, Austria

Land boundaries: 1611km

The longest boundary: 627 km with Hungary

The shortest boundary: 97 km with Ukraine

The biggest city: Bratislava

Other big cities: Kosice, Presov, Zilina, Banska Bystrica, Trnava, Nitra

Official language: Slovak

Main international airports: Bratislava, Kosice, Poprad

Main port: Bratislava (on the river of Danube)

Time zone: GMT +01.00 Summer time / Daylight saving: Yes

Religion: mainly roman – catholic (62%)

Ethnicity: 81% Slovaks, 8,5% Hungarians, 2% Roma,

Membership: Member of Schengen area, EU and NATO  (from May 2004)

International phone prefix: +421

Emergency number: 112

Transportation: land lock country, but you can get here by car, flight, train, bus.

Electricity: 220 V/50 Hz, two-pole socket with safety pin

Number of public holidays in Slovakia: 15

Credit / debit cards: widely accepted, but ask first.

Fuels: Unleaded and leaded fuels with 91, 95 and 98 octane, as well as diesel fuel

Driving side: right side of the road

Alcohol tolerance: 0 (zero) alcohol tolerance. Driving under the influence of ANY alcohol is a crime under Slovak law.

Highest speed limit: 130 km/h (68 miles/hour) on the motorways / highways

Traffic law: You must use seatbelts and headlights at all times. Using a cellular phones while driving is not legal.

Weather: four seasons — winter, spring, summer, autumn

Climate: temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters

Famous local alcohol drink: Slivovica (distilled from plums)

National cuisine: halushky

National parks: 9 National parks – Vysoke Tatry (High Tatras), Nizke Tatry (Low Tatras), Mala Fatra, Velka Fatra, Muranska planina, Poloniny, Slovensky kras, Slovensky raj, Pieniny.

Highest peak: Gerlachovsky stit 2655m in High Tatras

The lowest place: 94m in the River of Bodrog

Biggest lake: Velke Hincovo jazero in High Tatras

Biggest volcanic lake: Morske oko (The Sea Eye)

The longest river: Vah

The biggest cave complex: Demanovska jaskyna in Low Tatras

Largest castle complex: Spis castle

The highest church tower: 82m in the curch located in Spiska Nova Ves

Wooden churches: about 300 across the Slovakia

Towns worth to visit in the Eastern Part: Kosice, Presov, Bardejov, Stara Lubovna, Levoca, Spiska Nova Ves, Kezmarok, Svidnik, Michalovce

UNESCO heritage: Slovakia has cultural and natural properties inscribed on the UNESCO list

What is worth to see & discover: castles, caves, lakes & rivers, national parks, museums, ski resorts, spa resorts, religious history or UNESCO sights.